Die Geschichte der Brosche | MIRKADA Magazin

The history of the brooch

The brooch is a piece of jewelry with a history almost as long as that of mankind. The analogue of the brooch first became known in the Bronze Age, more than 5 thousand years ago. At that time, the brooch had a slightly different design and was called a fibula. In most cases, it was a round or oval metal object with two holes through which a thick needle was inserted, with which the brooch was attached to the fabric. In the Bronze Age, brooches were common in Scandinavia, Hungary, northern Germany, and later, in the Iron Age, almost everywhere in Eurasia.

Die Geschichte der Brosche - Fibula

Peasants wore simple metal brooches and pins; richer and more distinguished people could afford gems - diamonds, sapphires, rubies, emeralds on brooches of gold and silver. Glass was valued equally with stones, so it is often found alongside diamonds or pearls in a piece of jewellery. There were brooches in pairs, sometimes connected by a chain.

Brooches did not change much in the Middle Ages. In addition, however, agraffes came into fashion - ornate hairpins on clothing, which fastened the collar of an undershirt or were simply attached for decorative purposes. Medieval jewelry included more precious stones and more elaborate images: Scenes with spiritual and religious content, images of various animals, and inscriptions, coats of arms, and mottos.

In the early Renaissance, brooches and agraffes practically disappeared from use - a radical change in fashion made them obsolete. But in the XVII century they returned - now only as decoration, for fastening decorative folds and draperies on clothes. If in the early and medieval times a fibula represented a small image, in the XVIII century it was a small volumetric figure. Century it was a small volumetric figure. Bows, voluminous flowers, branches and bouquets, butterflies and even fountains set with precious stones became an indispensable part of the dress of rich, fashionable women. There were special brooches for hairstyles, brooches for skirts, brooches for corsages, and brooches for sleeves. A set of brooches for an outfit might include as many as 10 pieces.

Die Geschichte der Brosche_Renaissance

In the XIX century brooches played an important role in the Victorian court tradition. At balls, brooches were hung around the necks of debutantes - besides the body cross, this was almost the only acceptable ornament for a young girl showing herself for the first time. When Queen Victoria's husband, Prince Albert, died, she ordered a special black-stone mourning brooch with a lock of the prince's hair hidden inside. After that, "mourning brooches" were very popular among noble widows for a while.

On the border between the XIX and XX centuries, Art Nouveau entered the jewelry and fashion industry. It combined nature motifs with a certain "magical" image: on the one hand, insanely realistic flowers, trees and insects made of enamel, on the other hand, no less realistic fairies and chimeras adorning brooches.

Die Geschichte der Brosche_XIX. Jahrhundert

In the 20th century, the brooch became a kind of vintage symbol, an element of the formal and bohemian style of dress. Modern fashion offers a wide variety of brooches, both in appearance and material. Thanks to this, a brooch finds a place on any outfit to complete and emphasize the unique feminine image.
Die Geschichte der Brosche_Modern

In our online shop you will surely find a brooch that suits your taste and style.