There are 3 types of cuts (facet, round and cabochon), which include more than 250 varieties. The choice of cut depends on many factors, such as the type and size of the mineral, its hardness, purity, optical properties and, of course, the skill of the master.
We offer you the opportunity to dive into the world of sparkling gemstones and learn about the most common cuts of gemstones.
This is one of the oldest types of workmanship, giving the stone a convex shape with no edges. The name comes from the French "caboshe" - a nail hat. The Cabochon should be perfectly smooth, so the quality of the cutting and polishing of the stone is extremely important.
Probably the most common cut of gemstones. Round inserts are symmetrical, well polished and perfectly translucent. Of all the varieties of round cut, the most famous is the "diamond" with 57 facets. It is considered the standard.
The insert has an oval shape with wedge-shaped edges. This cut is considered a type of round cut, which is usually used for large stones. Unlike the round, which was already known at the end of the XVII century, the oval cut appeared relatively late, only in the 60s.
This type of cut is characterized by the upper smooth platform, which provides a play with light and lateral edges. Both large and small stones are Drop shape processed.
With this cut, the width of the stone is usually about half as long, so jewelers can use the Marquise can set it not only in rings, but also in earrings, pendants, and bracelets.
A type of cut that has a rectangular outline. A Baguette is a kind of quality mirror that reflects both advantages and disadvantages of a stone. Thus, the inserts of this shape, even with the naked eye, internal defects or poor cut can be seen. Therefore, when buying jewelry with baguettes, pay attention to the quality of the stone.
Is a square or rectangular wedge cut with sharp corners. The cut has very good play and a high degree of brilliance.
This relatively new cut with many sparkling facets is often used as a single insert in rings, earrings and pendants. Often the princess in the rings is accompanied by trillantes on either side.
An octagonal cut. The most famous variety of the octagon was called emerald. This cut protects even the most brittle minerals from damage and chipping, and gives a convincing picture of the stone's color and purity.
One of the most spectacular shapes of stones is a triangle with wedges. The advantage of trillants is that the shape and number of facets can vary depending on the characteristics of the mineral, the design of the products and the taste of the master cutter. The Trillants were first invented in Amsterdam, but today it is one of the most popular cuts in the world for gemstones and semi-precious stones.